Guitar legend Jimi Hendrix is born in Seattle on November 27, 1942. Hendrix grew up playing guitar, imitating blues greats like Muddy Waters as well as early rockers. He joined the army in 1959 and became a paratrooper but was honorably discharged in 1961 after an injury that exempted him from duty in Vietnam. In the early 1960s, Hendrix worked as a pickup guitarist, backing musicians including Little Richard, B.B. King, Ike and Tina Turner, and Sam Cooke. In 1964, he moved to New York and played in coffeehouses, where bassist Bryan Chandler of the British group the Animals heard him. Chandler arranged to manage Hendrix and brought him to London in 1966, where they created the Jimi Hendrix Experience with bassist Noel Redding and drummer Mitch Mitchell. The band’s first single, “Hey Joe,” hit No. 6 on the British pop charts, and the band became an instant sensation. Find Hendrix playing at the library, in OverDrive, on hoopla and showcased in Freegal.
On November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, with a cry of “Deus vult!” or “God wills it!”. Urban’s war cry caught fire, mobilizing clerics to drum up support throughout Europe for the crusade against the Muslims. All told, between 60,000 and 100,000 people responded to Urban’s call to march on Jerusalem. Not all who responded did so out of piety: European nobles were tempted by the prospect of increased land holdings and riches to be gained from the conquest. These nobles were responsible for the death of a great many innocents both on the way to and in the Holy Land, absorbing the riches and estates of those they conveniently deemed opponents to their cause. Adding to the death toll was the inexperience and lack of discipline of the Christian peasants against the trained, professional armies of the Muslims. As a result, the Christians were initially beaten back, and only through sheer force of numbers were they eventually able to triumph. Urban died in 1099, two weeks after the fall of Jerusalem but before news of the Christian victory made it back to Europe. His was the first of seven major military campaigns fought over the next two centuries known as the Crusades, the bloody repercussions of which are still felt today. Find the Crusades at the library and on Overdrive.
Kevin Henkes, American writer and illustrator of children’s books, was born in Racine, Wisconsin on November 27, 1960. As an illustrator he won the Caldecott Medal for Kitten’s First Full Moon (2004). Two of his books were Newbery Medal Honor Books, Olive’s Ocean in 2004 and The Year of Billy Miller in 2014. Henkes many of Henkes picture books feature mice as their main characters. He also writes young-adult fiction. Henkes wrote his first book during his freshman year in college. A reoccurring theme in his works deals with how a child describes the pleasures of occasional solitude. Henkes, one of five children, says that many of his storylines are inspired by his family and the neighborhood where he grew up in Racine. Find Kevin Henkes at the library, on hoopla and in OverDrive.